Five Most Common Skin Conditions

Since skin is the largest organ in the human body, it's not surprising that it's prone to blemishes and blotches, but there are many, many skin conditions that can occur, some of which are as much psychological as they are physical.
There are five skin disorders that are more common than any others, and knowing about them really is half the battle when it comes to protecting your skin. They are:
  1. Acne: Who hasn't been greeted by the sight of an ugly zit when they face the mirror in the morning? Acne is the name of the disorder that causes pimples, which happens when your pores become clogged with oil. It's most commonly seen on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders, and comes in many forms, including the white- and blackheads we're all familiar with. Cystic and nodular acne are formed deep within the skin, and can lead to severe scarring.
  2. Ezcema This is really a catch-all term that comes from a Greek word meaning "boils over." Also known as "dermatitis," it comes in three main forms:
    1. Allergic contact dermatitis begins when you're an adult, and is usually caused by contact with things like certain cosmetics, perfumes and some kinds of metals.
    2. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema, and is often seen in young children. It causes itchy rashes in the bends of your elbows and behind your knees, and is both genetic and long-term.
    3. Nummular dermatitis is caused by excessively dry skin and presents itself in the form of itchy, red, flaky coin-shaped patches of skin.
  3. Psoriasis: This chronic and disfiguring skin condition is actually red, thick, scaly-looking buildup of excess skin tissue. It usually beings on the elbows and knees, then spreads to other parts of the body, including the hands and sometimes even the scalp.
  4. Seborrheic Dermatitis: This skin condition causes oily, waxy patches on the scalp and affects about five person of all people. Babies often get it in their first six months of life, but once it clears up, it almost never shows up again before puberty.
  5. Skin Cancer: Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer among citizens of the United States, with roughly a million people diagnosed with it every year, and one in five people likely to develop it sometime during their life. The two most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, neither of which are usually life threatening. Melanoma, on the other hand, is the third most common form of skin cancer, and causes roughly three quarters of all skin cancer-related deaths.
While all of these skin disorders have the possibility of becoming severe, most of them can be prevented - or at least eased - by following good skin care habits, avoiding the sun, and staying hydrated inside and out.